Environmental assessment of Swedish clothing consumption - recommendations for key value chain players - Sustainable Textiles Carbon Focus @ E2expo'
Updated : 2019
The aim of this work was to map and understand the current environmental impact of Swedish clothing consumption. A life cycle assessment (LCA) was used to evaluate the environmental impact of six garments: a T-shirt, a pair of jeans, a dress, a jacket, a pair of socks, and a hospital uniform, using indicators of climate impact (also called “carbon footprint”), energy use, water scarcity, land use impact on soil quality, freshwater ecotoxicity, and human toxicity.
Based on the results, the report gives recommendations to actors along the garment life cycle regarding how they can reduce the environmental impact of clothing. Among others, producers can use more renewable energy, improve chemical management and exercise their power as buyers of fibres, yarns and fabrics to influence other actors further down the supply chain. Retailers can more consciously source garments from sustainable producers, support the transition to improved operations and promote and demand traceability and transparency in the supply chain. Policy makers can use a wide array of policy tools to steer and promote cleaner production and better user behavior, particularly in terms of using clothes longer.