Carbon Focus @ E2expo

Circular and slow fashion - new business models for European textile sector

Updated : 2019


  • EHS professionals
  • Production professionals
  • Textile industry sustainability professionals
  • Textile waste management professionals

Clothing accounts for between 2 % and 10 % of the environmental impact of EU consumption. Less than half of used clothes are collected for reuse or recycling when they are no longer needed, and only 1 % are recycled into new clothes, since technologies that would enable recycling clothes into virgin fibres are only starting to emerge.

The document explores ways European Union can address the consumption behaviour, including developing new business models for clothing rental, designing products in a way that would make re-use and recycling easier (circular fashion), convincing consumers to buy fewer clothes of better quality (slow fashion), and generally steering consumer behaviour towards choosing more sustainable options.

The briefing contains EU's position and the possible ways forward now that EU has adopted a circular economy package that will, at the insistence of the European Parliament, for the first time ensure that textiles are collected separately in all Member States, by 2025 at the latest.

Read More: Environmental impact of the textile and clothing industry


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Product Category

  • Fabric
  • Yarn
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