Decarbonization becomes a must do for industries

Industries around the world are racing to dramatically educe their greenhouse gas emissions which could result in investments of trillions of dollars over the next twenty years (2020-2040).

And could also result in massive business opportunities for diverse entrepreneurs, businesses and corporates.

An absolute reduction in emissions from the industry sector will require deployment of a broad set of mitigation options beyond energy efficiency measures. In the last two to three decades there has been continued improvement in energy and process efficiency

in industry, driven by the relatively high share of energy costs. In addition to energy efficiency, other strategies such as emissions efficiency (including e. g., fuel and feedstock switch-ing, carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS)), material use efficiency (e. g., less scrap, new product design), recycling and re-use of materials and products, product service efficiency (e. g., car sharing, maintain-ing buildings for longer, longer life for products), or demand reductions (e.g., less mobility services, less product demand) are required in parallel.


Global emissions can be allocated to human activities in various ways. One of the most granular analyses is this one from the World Resources Institute (WRI), which breaks down total global emissions from 2005 into the following headline sectors:

GHG emissions by industry sectors

  • Deforestation (11.3%)
  • Road transport (10.5%)
  • Fuel and power for residential buildings (10.2%)
  • Other industry (7.0%)
  • Oil and gas production (6.4%)
  • Fuel and power for commercial buildings (6.3%)
  • Livestock and manure (5.4%)
  • Agricultural soils (5.2%)
  • Cement production (5.0%)
  • Chemicals production (4.1%)
  • Iron and steel production (4%)
  • Unallocated fuel combustion (3.8%)
  • Other transport (2.5%)
  • Transmission and distribution losses (2.2%)
  • Air transport (excluding additional warming impacts) (1.7% )
  • Other cultivation (1.7%)
  • Landfill of waste (1.7%)
  • Rice cultivation (1.5%)
  • Wastewater and other waste (1.5%)
  • Agricultural energy use (1.4%)
  • Coal mining (1.3%)
  • Harvest and land management (1.3%)
  • Aluminium and non-ferrous metals production (1.2%)
  • Machinery production (1%)Pulp, paper and printing (1.1%)
  • Food and tobacco industries (1.0%)
  • Reforestation (-0.4%)
  • GHG emissions by energy source use

  • Electricity & heat (24.9%)
  • Industry (14.7%)
  • Transportation (14.3%)
  • Agriculture (13.8%)
  • Land use change (12.2%)
  • Other fuel combustion (8.6%)
  • Industrial processes (4.3%)
  • Fugitive emissions (4%)
  • Waste (3.2%)
  • Emissions from industry (30 % of total global GHG emissions) arise mainly from material processing, i. e., the conversion of natural resources (ores, oil, biomass) or scrap into materials stocks which are then converted in manufacturing and construction into products. Production of just iron and steel and non-metallic minerals (predominantly cement) results in 44 % of all carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions (direct, indirect, and process-related) from industry. Other emission-intensive sectors are chemicals (including plastics) and fertilizers, pulp and paper, non-ferrous metals (in particular aluminium), food processing, and textiles.


    What is the ZCO?

    The ZCO, standing for Zero Carbon Opportunities & analyzes the industrial activities over the whole supply chain, from extraction of primary materials (e. g., ores) or recycling (of waste materials), through product manufacturing, to the demand for the products and their services. It then looks at the various solutions and technologies that can be used to reduce GHG emissions at each of the above stages.

    Based on the above analyses, it provides a feasible list of solutions that businesses and entrepreneurs can invest in for GHG mitigation.

    It is the only guide of its type in the world.

    Who will benefit from the ZCO?

    Currently operating businesses and entrepreneurs seeking new avenues for the following sectors:

  • Engineering firms
  • EPC firms
  • Manufacturing firms
  • Factorywide IT system integrators

  • Industry verticals relevant for Carbon Focus

    1.Industry verticals

    2.relevant for Carbon Focus

    3. Construction

    4. Electrical

    5. Power electronics

    6. Heating and thermal equipment

    7. HVAC

    8. Shop floor logistics equipment

    9. Blowers and fans

    10. Separation equipment


    How was ZCO developed?

    Over 10 person years

    A team of 6 dedicated researchers, working for over 2 years

    Core ZCO team

    The core research team behind this expert guide is from EAI, a leading cleantech consulting firm that has been providing sustainability consulting to Indian and global firms since 2008. Since 2018, the team has undertaken multiple efforts - through consulting and industry research - to add value to the Indian and global sustainable energy ecosystem. The team has been researching sustainable technology and business trends in the global textile sector since 2018 with a focus on technical solutions, innovations and practical implementations worldwide.

    10+ years of experience in the sustainability industry

    ZCO was developed by E2Expo which leveraged the significant strategic and sustainability consulting expertise and perspectives of the parent company, Energy Alternatives India (EAI). EAI has assisted over 250 companies - including 25 Fortune 500 companies - in their sustainability efforts.

    Comprehensive data research and analyses

    Utilizing data, knowledge and insights that our consulting team had gathered in sustainable energy and decarbonization efforts in a number of industries - food, chemicals, engineering, automotive, oil & gas and more

    Geographical scope of ZCO

    The report has been prepared with the global business stakeholders in mind, and covers insights on solutions, innovations and case studies from from over 50 countries including USA, EU (France, Italy, Germany, Spain, Scandinavia, Sweden), UK, South Korea, Japan, China, India, Brazil, Mexico, South Africa, Australia and more.

    Key takeaways

  • Industry-related greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have continued to increase and are higher than GHG emissions from other end-use sectors
  • The energy intensity of the sector could be reduced by approxi-mately up to 25% compared to current level through wide-scale upgrading, replacement and deployment of best available technologies, particularly in countries where these are not in practice and for non-energy intensive industries.
  • Through innovation, additional reductions of approximately up to 20% in energy intensity may potentially be realized before approaching technological limits in some energy intensive industries
  • Besides sector specific technologies, cross-cutting technologies and measures applicable in both large energy intensive industries and Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) can help to reduce GHG emissions.
  • Long-term step-change options can include a shift to low carbon electricity, radical product innovations (e.g, alternatives to cement), or carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS).
  • Systemic approaches and collaboration within and across industrial sectors at different levels, e.g, sharing of infrastructure, information, waste and waste management facilities, heating, and cooling, may provide further mitigation potential in certain regions or industry types
  • Several emission-reducing options in the industrial sectors are cost-effective and profitable.
  • While the largest mitigation potential in industry lies in reducing CO2 emissions from fossil fuel use, there are also significant mitigation opportunities for non-CO2 gases (methane, nitrous oxide, fluorinated gases etc.)
  • Long-term scenarios for industry highlight improvements in emissions efficiency as an important future mitigation strategy.
  • The most effective option for mitigation in waste manage-ment is waste reduction, followed by re-use and recycling and energy recovery.
  • The above scenarios will likely result in significant business opportunities for companies and entrepreneurs providing the following solutions/services:
  • Energy efficiency
    • Industrial energy efficiency auditing
    • Industrial energy efficiency solutions - new equipment/machinery
    • Industrial energy efficiency solutions - retrofitting solutions
    • IT solutions for energy efficiency
  • Waste management
    • Sustainable wastewater treatment/ETP equipment
    • Industrial water conservation equipment
    • Industrial air pollution mitigation equipment & solutions
    • Solid waste management equipment and solutions
  • Renewable energy
    • Solar power plants
    • Wind power plants
    • Biomass power plants
    • Biomass heating solutions
  • CO2 capture & storage / use
    • CO2 capture solutions & machinery
    • CO2 transport solutions & equipment
    • Equipment for facilitating CO2 storage in diverse geographies
    • Equipment & machinery for CO2 utilization in diverse applications

  • Price of Zero Carbon Opportunities

    $1500 for one copy

    Special rates available for multiple copies or for large network distributions among corporates

    To obtain a sample of Zero Carbon Opportunities or to know more about purchasing it, please send a note to zco@e2expo.com or call Muthukrishnan +91-9952910083

    About E2Expo & EAI

    E2Expo is a division of EAI, and is focussed on providing intelligence on a diverse set of sustainability solutions to many industries, including textiles and fashion.

    Since 2008, EAI has been at the forefront of cleantech and sustainability consulting and research. Our management consulting and industry research has spanned the entire cleantech spectrum but with higher emphasis on solar power, e-mobility and the bio-energy sectors.

    Our consulting and research reports have benefitted over 3000 clients globally, including 10 of the top Fortune 25 companies and 40 of the top Fortune 100 companies. Our consulting team has had the privilege of assisting some of the globally prominent companies and organizations such as GE, GSK, Exxon Mobil, Toyota, World Bank, Bill & Melinda Foundation, among others.

    More about EAI from www.eai.in


    List of contents

    1. Overview

  • a. Details of the global decarb efforts, and targets
  • 2. Industry efforts

  • a. Efforts by industry sector and targets, global
  • 3. Carbon hotspots

  • a. Focus on top 10 industries needing decarb, with a review of their value chain and carbon hotspots
  • 4. Avenues available for decarbonization

  • a.Details of the various broad avenues for decarbonization and profiles and use cases for each:
    • i. Reuse/recycle
    • ii. Reduce resources use
    • iii. Energy efficiency
    • iv. Low carbon source of energy
    • v. Low carbon feedstock
    • vi. Carbon capture and storage
  • 5. Decarbonization solutions

  • a. Well researched solutions available for each of the decarb avenues, and characteristics of the solutions are provided - over 150 solutions in all..Details for each solution will include:
    • i. Fundamentals of the Solution
    • ii. Overall market size/ potential
    • iii. Technical / operational maturity of the solution
    • iv. Industries for which the solution is applicable
    • v. Background skills needed for solution providers/ EPCs
    • vi. Innovation potential for the solution, and emerging innovations
    • vii. Challenges - technical, operational and market challenges
    • viii. Nature and characteristics of competition
    • ix. Prominent case studies of competitors, solution providers and implementations

    6. List of solutions for which data and insights are provided

  • Advanced ceramics
  • Advanced coatings
  • Advanced glass
  • Advanced materials for corrosion protection
  • Advanced materials for energy efficiency
  • Advanced materials for energy storage
  • Advanced materials for insulation
  • Advanced materials for thermal storage
  • Advanced metals
  • Advanced plastics
  • Advanced textile fibers
  • Agricultural waste to value
  • Agriwaste to biofuels
  • Anaerobic digestion
  • Batteries
  • Battery recycling
  • Better thermostats
  • Bicycles
  • Bio-CNG
  • Biodegradable chemicals
  • Biodegradable materials
  • Biodiesel
  • Biogas to natural gas upgradation
  • Biological water purification
  • Biomass gasification
  • Biomass harvesting technologies
  • Biomass processing and compacting technologies
  • Capacitor storage
  • Cellulosic biofuels
  • CH4 capture and use
  • CHP
  • CHP boilers
  • CNG
  • Co-firing of coal and biomass
  • CO2 as a solvent
  • CO2 for enhanced oil recovery
  • CO2 sequestration
  • CO2 storage
  • CO2 to chemicals
  • CO2 to hydrocarbon fuels
  • CO2 to methanol
  • CO2 to plastics
  • Cold storage for post harvest produce
  • Combustion/incineration
  • Composites
  • Composting
  • Compressed air energy storage
  • Concentrating solar power
  • Concentrating solar PV
  • Concentrating solar thermal
  • Day lighting
  • Distributed and rooftop solar
  • Drainage water management
  • Drip irrigation
  • E-waste management
  • Efficient AC motors
  • Efficient cooling towers
  • Efficient DC motors
  • Efficient heat exchangers
  • Efficient HVAC
  • Efficient Li-ion batteries
  • Efficient motor controllers
  • Efficient motors for EVs
  • Efficient motors for pumps
  • Efficient transmission and drivetrain
  • Electric 2-wheelers
  • Electric 3-wheelers
  • Electric cars
  • Electric light commercial vehicles
  • Electric mobility as a service
  • Electric trucks and heavy vehicles
  • Energy efficiency in thermal power plants
  • Energy efficient air conditioning/cooling
  • Energy efficient autoclave applications
  • Energy efficient bearings
  • Energy efficient blowers and compressors
  • Energy efficient boilers
  • Energy efficient chillers
  • Energy efficient conveyor equipment
  • Energy efficient cooling towers
  • Energy efficient district heating
  • Energy efficient doors and windows
  • Energy efficient drives and gears
  • Energy efficient filtration and separation equipment
  • Energy efficient furnaces
  • Energy efficient glass
  • Energy efficient heat exchangers
  • Energy efficient hybrids (natural gas/petrol or diesel)
  • Energy efficient kilns and ovens
  • Energy efficient lighting
  • Energy efficient metal working machines
  • Energy efficient motors
  • Energy efficient pumps
  • Energy efficient thermic fluid heaters
  • Energy efficient turbines
  • Enhanced geothermal
  • Ethanol
  • EV batteries
  • EV battery charging stations
  • EV battery swap model
  • Fermentation for biofuels
  • Flywheel storage
  • Food waste management
  • Forest resources management
  • Forest soil management
  • Fuel cells
  • Fuel efficient vehicles
  • Gasification
  • Geological storage
  • Geothermal heat pumps
  • Geothermal power generation
  • Green roofs
  • Groundwater contamination management
  • Groundwater recharge
  • Groundwater storage
  • Hazardous waste recycling
  • Heat pumps
  • HVAC monitoring and analytics
  • Hybrid electric vehicles
  • Hydroponics
  • Insulation materials
  • Integrated land and water management
  • Integrated water resource management
  • Lakes and stormwater management
  • Landfill bioremediation
  • Landfill gas treatment
  • Large hydro
  • Large wind farms
  • Lightweight materials
  • LNG
  • Low energy water purification
  • Low head hydro power
  • Low temperature waste heat capture
  • Methanol
  • Micro and pico hydro
  • Microgrid
  • Ocean thermal power plants
  • Offgrid solar
  • Offshore wind farms
  • On farm processing
  • On-demand manufacturing
  • Passive avenues for energy conservation
  • Passive cooling technologies
  • Phase change materials for storage
  • Preventing natural gas flaring and leaks
  • Pumped hydro storage
  • Pyrolysis
  • Radiant cooling
  • Rainwater harvesting
  • Recycling of chemicals and process intermediates
  • Recycling of metals and minerals
  • Retrofits for building energy efficiency
  • Robotics
  • Run of river hydro
  • Second generation biodiesel
  • Sensors
  • Small hydro
  • Small scale cold storage
  • Small wind farm
  • Smart grid
  • Smart windows
  • SO2 & NOx emissions control
  • Solar air conditioning
  • Solar cookers
  • Solar drying
  • Solar power plant monitoring systems
  • Solar PV
  • Solar PV + diesel hybrid
  • Solar thermal
  • Solar thermal based refrigeration
  • Solar trackers
  • Solar water heaters
  • Solar water pumps
  • Solar/wind hybrid
  • Solid waste recycling
  • Solid waste segregation technologies
  • Stormwater & rainwater management
  • Surface water management
  • Sustainable bricks and concrete
  • Sustainable drying of agro produce
  • Sustainable glass
  • Sustainable plumbing
  • Sustainable roofing
  • Sustainable sewage treatment
  • Sustainable stormwater management
  • Sustainable water desalination
  • Sustainable water storage
  • Thermal power hybrids with solar CSP
  • Thin & flexible solar panels
  • Third generation biofuels
  • Tidal power plants
  • Underground thermal energy storage
  • Use of CCS & CCU
  • Use of CO2 in enhanced oil recovery
  • Vapour absorption machines
  • Variable frequency drives
  • Vertical axis wind turbines
  • Waste heat recovery
  • Waste heat recovery from chillers and air conditioners
  • Waste heat recovery from compressors
  • Wetlands restoration
  • Zero energy buildings