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Industry : Green Packaging

Turning Wood Into Plastic

University:  Yale School of the Environment

Objective of study: Development of high-quality bioplastic from wood byproducts and can be recycled or biodegraded.

Process and applications:

  • Biomass-based plastics from wood, but also plastic that delivers good mechanical properties as well
  • Process of deconstructing the porous matrix of natural wood into a slurry
  • To create the slurry mixture, the researchers used a wood powder — a processing residue usually discarded as waste in lumber mills — and deconstructed the loose, porous structure of the powder with a biodegradable and recyclable deep eutectic solvent (DES)
  • The material shows high mechanical strength, stability when holding liquids, and UV-light resistance
  • It can also be recycled or safely biodegraded in the natural environment, and has a lower life-cycle environmental impact


  • The Bioplastics can be molded into a film that can be used in plastic bags and packaging. The bioplastic can be molded into different shapes, it has potential for use in automobile manufacturing, as well.  

University Details

Yale School of the Environment

Yale School of the Environment is a professional school of Yale University. It was founded to train foresters, and now trains environmental leaders through four 2-year degree programs and two 10-month mid-career programs

Yuan Yao, Professor - Linkedin

Liangbing Hu, Professor - Linkedin



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Turning Wood into Plastic


Turning Wood Into Plastic | Lignocellulosic Bioplastic