Organic livestock farming as a strategy to reduce carbon footprint in fashion - Projects
Updated : October 2020
Livestock farming is one of the major contributors of GHG emissions, and with the global fashion industry relying on the livestock for natural fibres, and moving towards more sustainable practices in the value chain, adequate attention needs to be given for sustainable animal farming to create a holistic approach.
This case study, while not directly related to textiles sector, provides inputs on how organic farming could play a role in minimizing carbon footprint of related industries. The sustainable measures followed could also be applicable to the fashion sector.
The study involved a detailed analysis of the carbon footprint of seven organic farming systems in Spain, using life cycle assessment method to evaluate both greenhouse emissions and carbon sequestration. GHG emissions consider livestock digestion, manure management, soil management, and off-farm inputs (feeding, fuels, and electricity),while carbon sequestration involves carbon fixation due to pasture and crop waste and carbon fixation in soil due to manure fertilization.
Results showed that organic farming systems significantly reduced the GHG emissions of farms compared to those of conventional farms. The levels of carbon sequestration were also considerably higher which shows that organic livestock farming systems have the potential to reduce carbon footprint in any related industry including fashion.