Role of farm management practices on cotton productivity - a comparison of organic and conventional farms - Projects
Updated : October 2020
This study focuses on analysing the impacts of better farm management practices and fixed factors on the yield of organic and conventional cotton.
A framework was developed using fixed factors of a cotton farm such as landholding and soil types, farmer’s education and more which cannot be altered within reasonable amounts of time and resources, and management factors which can be altered through training and process implementation. A detailed survey was carried out in both conventional and organic farms operating under comparable circumstances through interviews with over 120 farmers, to understand the economics and agronomics of the practices such as fertilizer management, variety selection, pest control as well as farmers’ background.
Results based on new analysis tools showed that landholding and soil types determined the yield in organic farms, while education played a role in conventional farms. In the case of management practices, both farms had challenges with better fertilizer application, irrigation and crop rotation. It concludes that improved technology, extension services and policies could enable better farm practices followed by improved productivity in both the farm types.