Role of Better Cotton Initiative on cotton productivity - a case study from Mozambique - Projects
Updated : October 2020
This article explains the challenges faced by the Mozambique cotton farmers in enhancing productivity and how partnerships with organizations such as Better Cotton Initiative enables them to implement sustainable measures to increase the yield.
It provides statistics on how cotton yield has been at its peak during pre-independence but later faced several economic and sustainability challenges. One of the key reasons for low yield has been the use of poor quality seeds and The Cotton Institute of Mozambique (IAM), a government body for the cotton sector partnered with various companies through a concession model to implement few successful seed production initiatives.
In 2011, it launched a Cotton Value Chain Revitalization Plan to enhance both productivity and sustainability and collaborated with Better Cotton Initiative for the same. Since then, BCI has collaborated with OLAM, the world’s second largest cotton merchant, other local partners as well as developing capacity building programmes,to train farmers for implementing Better Cotton practices such as intercropping, crop rotation, cover crops and more.
The study concludes that the initiative has engaged more farmers into the training programme while also enhancing their yield significantly, meeting sustainable development goals and enabling them to collaborate with leading sustainable cotton sourcing companies such as Adidas, H&M, IKEA and more. Mozambique also has planned to develop its own national standard for sustainable cotton production similar to Africa, Australia and few other countries to enable the cotton grown by BCI licenced farmers to be sold as certified Better Cotton on international markets.