The textile units in Panipat are involved in the manufacturing of cotton durries, carpets (woolen, cotton-based and synthetic); furnishings (bed covers, cushion covers, mats, etc.), woolen blankets, and cotton and woolen yarns. The overall energy consumption of the cluster is estimated to be 305,950 tonnes of oil equivalent (toe) per annum leading to carbon emissions of 383,470 tonnes of CO2. This report provides details of energy-efficient technologies that can be implemented to increase energy savings and reduce the overall carbon footprint of the cluster.
Some of the main processes for dyeing and printing process of raw and intermediate materials in home furnishing units include raw material preparation, dyeing, color fixing, drying and finishing, printing, fabric brushing, and polishing. The machinery used for these is heavily reliant on energy sources such as electricity, pet coke, wood/ biomass, and high-speed diesel (HSD). The thermal energy accounts for about 97% of total energy consumption in the cluster, attributed to factors such as large heating requirements during the dyeing, printing, aging, and drying process. Potential energy-efficient technologies are provided to streamline energy efficiency in boilers/thermic fluid heaters, stenters, compressed air systems. Processes such as waste heat recovery from dyeing process, where the recovered hot water can be used for generating hot water required for next batch (in indirect steam injection system) or as feed water in boiler and installation of condensate recovery systems are suggested to ensure a circular approach to reduce energy waste. For each of the technologies mentioned, a cost-benefit analysis is provided with a specific payback period and energy-saving potential.
Read More: Panipat textile cluster
Energy efficicent technologies for textile cluster development activities
Cost benefit analysis of textile energy efficient technologies
Energy saving potential of proposed textile machinery
Payback period of textile energy efficient technologies
Implementational challenges and solutions for textile energy efficient technologies